Lately, among the things I've read, I've encountered a few short stories worth noting and recommending for others:
Pinckney Benedict's "Zog-19: A Scientific Romance" in Zoetrope All Story 2. This story is phenomenal, combining tragedy with the humorously absurd. Although sci-fi is not my usual genre of reading, this short story ranks among the best I've encountered--up there with Douglas Adams and Jeanette Winterson's "Stone Gods."
Paul Auster's "Travels in the Scriptorium". The narrative voice shifts early in the story between one which doesn't know what's in the protagonist's head and one that does. The reason becomes clear later on. Like Calvino's "If On a Winter's Night a Traveler," this story contains stories within a frame story. Beautifully written and very engaging.
Gail Hareven "Man in a Hat" in 50 Stories from Israel. The daughter of the late Shulamit Hareven, also an author and member of the Hebrew Language Academy. The author used the same nightmarish mimesis that her mom used so well in "Twilight" and "The Emissary." I now want to read the story in the Hebrew original.